Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

What is Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

Premenstrual syndrome is a combination of symptoms some women experience before their periods. Symptoms usually appear 1-2 weeks before the period and symptoms go away once it starts. Symptoms can be physical, emotional, or behavioral and the intensity can vary from person to person. Some common symptoms include cramps, mood swings, tender breasts, bloating, fatigue, acne, irritability, and food cravings. PMS symptoms often coincide with other conditions that may amplify the symptoms. If symptoms are severe and effecting day-to-day activities, talk to your doctor to find ways to manage and minimize the symptoms.


Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain all over the body. For women who have fibromyalgia, they may experience more painful periods and worsened premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms. While much is still unknown about the condition and there is no cure, you and your doctor can come up with a plan to manage the symptoms that may involve medication and lifestyle changes.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) affects the large intestines and causes abdominal pain, gas, bloating, diarrhea, and constipation. Your period and your IBS symptoms may be linked, which is why symptoms may change or be intensified before or during your period. There is not a proven treatment, but there are ways to ease the symptoms. Talk to your doctor about medication, supplements and lifestyle changes that may help lessen symptoms.