Other gynecological conditions

While these are not all the gynecological conditions, here are a few additional ones.

What is Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection. It can be treated with antibiotics. If left untreated, it can cause infertility.

What is adenomyosis?

Adenomyosis occurs when tissue that normally lines the uterus grows into the muscular wall of the uterus. The displaced tissue continues to behave as normal – thickening, breaking down and bleeding during each period, but may cause painful and heavy periods. Adenomyosis goes away after menopause or by having a hysterectomy.

What is Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome?

Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a congenital disorder that causes the vagina and uterus to be underdeveloped or absent, but with normally functioning ovaries. Due to an absent uterus, affected women usually do not have periods and are unable to become pregnant. They will still have normal external genitalia, breast and pubic hair development. Women affected by this usually have a genetic mutation and may have other abnormalities throughout their body. MRKH is typically diagnosed when a girl does not have periods during puberty. A doctor will perform a physical exam, ultrasound and/or MRI to make a diagnosis.